Type to search

7 most common types of truck crashes

Avatar photo

Every year, thousands of large truck-oriented collisions lead to serious injuries and fatalities on America’s roads. May it be a big rig semi, a dump truck laden with rubble, a garbage collector, or a maintenance vehicle of some sort, truck crashes often lead to some of the most catastrophic events on the open road.

While each incident is unique, reports show that certain large vehicle collisions occur far more often than others, with the following seven situations being the most common types of truck-related crashes.

1. Rollover crashes

Rollover crashes happen when the truck flips onto its side or roof. This typically occurs when the truck is traveling at high speeds or when the truck driver makes a sudden maneuver. 

Rollover incidents can be very dangerous and often result in serious injuries and fatalities. Truck drivers should ensure safe driving and avoid sudden maneuvers to avoid rollover accidents. CDL operators should always confirm that their insurance policy covers a rollover accident before hitting the highway.

2. Jackknife incidents

Jackknife incidents commonly occur when the truck’s trailer swings away from the cab due to sudden hard braking, improper towing etiquette, bad weather or a trailer tire blowout. This form of crash can be quite serious, as the trailer might swing into oncoming traffic or even overturn. 

Routine servicing and inspection of a truck’s trailer are crucial to preventing jackknife accidents. Truck drivers and fleet operators should be sure to have the brakes and tires on a trailer inspected and serviced regularly to help reduce mechanically influenced incidents.

3. Rear-end collisions

Rear-end collisions are an all too common form of large truck crash and are oftentimes one that is completely avoidable. Rear-end collisions with large trucks are typically the result of a tailgating driver following too closely behind a truck. 

Most people don’t realize how quickly a large truck can come to a complete stop once the driver hits the brakes. Brake failure on the truck’s end can also cause collisions, as a seized brake component can suddenly cause a big rig to slow down significantly.

4. Side-impact collisions

Side-impact collisions, also known as T-bone crashes, are especially dangerous when a large truck is involved. These collisions occur when the front end of one vehicle collides with the side of another automobile, and often occur at intersections when one driver fails to yield the right of way.

Drivers should always be aware of their surroundings and prepared to yield when necessary. Hitting a large truck will almost always do more damage to a passenger vehicle than the big rig getting T-boned.

5. Underride and override incidents

Underride incidents occur when small cars hit the back end of tractor-trailers and become wedged underneath, thus creating a very dangerous situation for the smaller vehicle’s occupants.

Override crashes occur when a larger vehicle collides with a truck and ends up riding on top of the trailer or some other portion of the big rig. These kinds of collisions can also be very dangerous, especially when an occupant is ejected.

6. Roadway departures

Tractor-trailers are much larger and heavier than passenger vehicles, thus posing a serious challenge when staying in one’s lane, especially on highways with higher speed limits. 

A truck driver’s loss of control of a vehicle can lead to disastrous consequences. In most cases, a truck driver who veers off the road will do so because of fatigue, distraction, or even while under the influence of drugs and/or alcohol. If you are ever involved in a truck accident caused by a truck driver departing from their lane, you should file a claim against the trucking company.

7. Head-on collisions

Due to the size and weight of tractor-trailers, head-on truck-related collisions are arguably the most dangerous form of roadway incident imaginable. These types of crashes typically occur when a truck driver falls asleep at the wheel or if they are distracted and veer into oncoming traffic. Head-on collisions can also occur when a truck driver is speeding and loses control of their rig.

If you have been involved in a head-on collision with a tractor-trailer, you may face serious injuries, including broken bones, internal bleeding and traumatic brain injuries. Therefore, you will need extensive medical treatment and will likely incur significant medical bills. You may also be unable to work for a period, resulting in lost wages.

A collision with a tractor-trailer can be a devastating event. If you have been involved in such a traumatic incident, you should contact an experienced truck crash attorney who can help you protect your rights and secure the compensation that you deserve. 

For example, Fasig Brooks law firm has a proven track record of success in large truck-oriented cases and ensures their clients receive the full compensation they are entitled to. Don’t try to navigate the complex legal system alone. Let the experts from the firm fight for you.


As you can see, there are many different types of truck collisions. Some are more common than others, but all of them can be potentially devastating. If you or a loved one has been involved in a truck crash, it is important to seek legal help immediately. 

An experienced truck collision attorney can help you investigate the accident, gather evidence and fight for the compensation you deserve. Truck drivers should also be aware of the different types of collisions that can occur, and take all necessary steps to avoid these horrific circumstances.


Avatar photo
Guest Author

Disclaimer: Guest Posts don't reflect the views and opinions of Pickup Truck +SUV Talk. Articles include links to websites for products and services. Pickup Truck +SUV Talk receives a monetary commission for each guest post.

  • 1

Leave a Comment

Your email address will not be published. Required fields are marked *